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Skyline of Vavuniya
Vavuniya is located in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 8°45′0″N 80°29′0″E / 8.75000°N 80.48333°E / 8.75000; 80.48333Coordinates: 8°45′0″N 80°29′0″E / 8.75000°N 80.48333°E / 8.75000; 80.48333
Country Sri Lanka
Province Northern
District Vavuniya
DS Division Vavuniya South (Tamil)
 • Type Urban Council
 • Chairman Iyaththurai Kanagiah (TNA)
Population (2007)
 • Total 75,175
 • Density 3,341/km2 (8,641/sq mi)
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)

Vavuniya (Tamil: வவுனியா, Sinhala: වවුනියා) is a big town in the Northern Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It's also the main town of Vavuniya District. Vavuniya was often referred to as the gateway to Vanni.

Since the war is over most of the information concerning security in this article is inaccurate at this time February 2010

Vavuniya used to be a front line town in the war between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan Army until the Army advanced northwards during the 2008 SLA Northern offensive. Clashes between different Tamil militant groups have resulted in instability in the city, and those from the south of Sri Lanka do not visit it often.

There are internal refugees. The Sri Lankan Army is in constant patrol, and heavy security is apparent. This is due to the Security Forces Headquarters - Wanni being based in Vavuniya in close proximity to the Sri Lanka Air Force air base SLAF Vavuniya.

The Family Tracing Unit (FTU) is based in Vavuniya.